by Aletta Terblanche, Catherine M, E Nel, Louise Opperman, Helena Nyikos

Issue: 35

Journal section: Theme Articles
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Received: 2010-10-04


For decades, coal has been and will continue to be the dominant energy source in South Africa. Approximately 60 per cent of the population relies on low-quality coal as its primary household energy source. The coal typically used for household energy in South Africa has a high ash content (43 per cent), a low volatile content (19 per cent), a sulphur content of around 0.19 per cent and a calorific value of less than 25 MJ (megajoules)/kg...

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