Women are exposed to smoke for several hours each day (BP40, Practical Action)
More than half the world’s population still depend on solid fuels (coal, wood, agriculturalresidues etc.) to meet their energy needs (WHO 2008). Using solid fuels on traditional open fires results in high levels of IndoorAirPollution resulting in 1.6 million deaths per year (one death every 20 seconds). This is higher than the number of deaths caused by malaria each year (WHO 2002).

Cooking on traditional open and three-stone fires results in large amounts of smoke being produced containing carcinogenic particulates and carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is produced due to the incomplete combustion of fuel, levels of carbon monoxide up to 20 times higher than acceptable WHO guidelines have been recorded as emissions from these traditional cooking methods. A further health risk from cooking methods particularly open fires which are not contained is burns. Women and children are most at risk from poor indoor air quality (IAQ) and burns as women carry out most of the cooking, whilst small children remain close to their mothers. 59% of all indoor pollution-attributed deaths fall on females whilst 56% occur in children under 5 years of age.

Indoor air pollution is responsible for 2.7% of the global burden for disease. The ImpactsOfPoorIAQ are respiratory illness including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cancer, tuberculosis, perinatal outcomes including low birth weight, and eye diseases.

IndoorAirPollutionandHealth (IAP) is a major problem and reducing air pollution is critical for achieving the MDGs (see HowToReduceIndoorAirPollutants). It affects child mortality (MDG 4) and gender equality (MDG 3). In 2006 The 14th session of the Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD14) took place in New York, WHO, GTZ, the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air, Practical Action and the US Environmental Protection Agency organised a joint side event entitled "4000 deaths a day from cooking fires? Lets prevent them!". The aim being make a case for the urgent need to improve access to household energy among the poor. This was followed up a year later at CSD15.

It is evident that immediate and ongoing action is required to address indoor air pollution. However, it is important that we act EnsuringSustainability in order to meet the users needs and providing long term solutions addressing the health and financing needs of the user as well as considering environmental impact and marketing issues for the alternative technology proposed.

Links to information about HouseholdSmokeMonitoring provides information based on work by Practical Action in how to effectively reduce smoke emissions.

Further Resources:

Name Type
Black Tar Dipped Bricks, Car Tyres Being Used As Fuel In Stoves For Room Heating in Ulaanbaatar
The health implications of the pollution are shocking. Levels of premature death, chronic bronchitis, respiratory hospital admissions and cardiovascular diseases are increasing at an extraordinarily r
Mexico City Residents Losing Sense Of Smell
Losing one's sense of smell isn't as medically worrisome as shortness of breath and aggravated heart conditions. But it's another indication of the diminished quality of life that can come from conges
World Challenge 2009: Five finalists addressing household energy - Vote now!
Five finalists for the BBC World Challenge 2009 address issues of household energy. You have until 13 November to cast your vote and raise the profile of household energy initiatives, some of which ar
"Solar Powered Farming Can Improve Food Security"
Innovative combinations of rather straightforward, well-in-hand technologies can offer real solutions to problems while creating new opportunities.
"The challenge of the chulha"
''From 'Down to Earth': Science and Environment online, Sunita Narain writes about the challenges facing the chulha.''
'A Renewable World: Energy, Ecology, Equality', a free book responding to our climatic predicament
"Here’s the book we’ve been waiting for, a thorough, up-to-date, and above all proportionate response to our climatic predicament." It seeks to clarify what can be done, and how we can all benefit
'Heat Exchanger' to improve household energy efficiency for rural communities
Welthungerhilfe presents the '6 in 1 Heat Exchanger': Innovation developed in Southern Tajikistan can help to sharply drop rural communities’ fuel requirements during the winter period.
'Illegal' paraffin stoves a safety risk
IIlegally imported stoves are flooding the South African market, crippling the local industry & posing health risks in poorer communities. A stove manufacturing company, which is approved by the SABS
'Lighting Africa' Newsletter - October 2009
The Lighting Africa newsletter is a briefing on the latest developments in the program and in the off-grid lighting market. It is provided to all organizations and individual members participating in
'Score Stove Project' announce £15k award for graduate to design wood burning stove in UK
The Score Stove project is pleased to announce an award of £15k for a graduate from developing country to work in the UK for a period not exceeding 6 months, to design an efficient wood burning stov

Page: 1/48 Next Page Fast Next Last Page
1 2 3 6 48
  • A practitioner's journal on household energy, stoves and poverty reduction.

Latest News

No records to display

Upcoming Events

No records to display

Show php error messages