In this report, Jennifer Ellis provides a detailed literature review, focusing on the six modeling studies in the last 20 years that have attempted to analyze global impacts of subsidies for all fuels. The studies mostly considered effects on greenhouse gas emissions and gross domestic product, but very little of the work has considered other environmental impacts or social impacts. The paper highlights a number of areas where further research should be undertaken but concludes that there is already enough evidence to demonstrate the significant environmental and economic benefits of phasing out fossil-fuel subsidies, and recommends that policy-makers do not delay in beginning the reform process.
By Koffi Ekouevi is Senior Economist in the World Bank’s Energy Anchor Unit of the Sustainable Energy Department (SEGEN).
and Voravate Tuntivate is Consultant at the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP).
An Energy and Mining Sector Board discussion paper.
This report provides a unique overview of the World Bank experience and important lessons learned by other multilateral, bilateral, and government organizations. It will provide insights for policy makers, stakeholders, and donors in meeting the challenge of providing clean cooking and heating solutions to poor households in developing countries.
The aim of the present study is to quantify the costs and benefits of selected household energy and health interventions for urban and rural populations at the global level and for 11 developing and middle-income WHO subregions. Three specific interventions (i.e. liquefied petroleum gas, ethanol, improved stove) are modelled under eight different scenarios of relevance to energy policy in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. This technical report describes the methods and data sources that form the basis for the present cost-benefit analysis and presents the results for eight intervention scenarios. The study concludes that the health and productivity gains far outweigh the overall cost of interventions.
For more information visit: http://www.who.int/indoorair/publications/evaluation/en/index.html
This issue focuses on the use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a clean, transportable cooking fuel alternative. PCIA Partners from Latin America, Africa and Asia have successfully implemented programs encouraging LPG use, even in remote communities where other types of clean fuel are not readily accessible. In Bulletin 26 these organizations share their project implementation experiences and discuss cultural adoption sensitivities, as well as affordability obstacles, they encountered during the process.
The issue also includes worldwide LPG demand predictions, an overview of the LPG distribution chain, safety issues and regulations, an extensive list of LPG resources and much more. Check out this issue of the Bulletin to determine if LPG would be a good fit for the communities in which you work.
Next Bulletin: [http://hedon.info/View+Publication&itemId=12365|Issue 27]
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