The SLE/Humboldt Universität zu Berlin published a new study on behalf of the KfW Entwicklungsbank that presents an impact-oriented framework for monitoring and evaluation for the rural electrification programme in the West Nile region of Uganda.

The study Tracing the Impacts of Rural Electrification in West Nile, Uganda – A Framework and Toolbox for Monitoring and Evaluation
is now available for download at

Summary of the study
In an electrified rural area the entire population could potentially benefit from the supply of electricity, for instance through the availability of refrigeration for vaccine storage in hospitals. However, at the individual level, the degree of access and benefit varies significantly. The ongoing debate on access to energy services thus proposes both qualitative and quantitative approaches to describe the extent of that access. As these approaches are difficult to adopt for a M&E framework, we faced a threefold challenge:

  • the conceptual challenge of providing a simple and practicable definition for access to energy services, defining beneficiaries whose access can be observed, and indicators by which access and its impacts can be measured;
  • the methodological challenge of defining suitable units of analysis, capable of being sampled in a region with a population of 2.3 million spread over some 10,000 square kilometres, and against the background of very weak statistical base data;
  • the implementation challenge of keeping the developed framework lean, manageable, and cost-efficient.

A set of indicators has been developed that describes all three dimensions of access in terms of the programme’s Outcome for the connected and not connected households, businesses, schools, and health centres. For best result attribution, the double-difference approach has been applied predominantly. The study proposes a two-year M&E cycle, starting with the baseline survey in 2013. Each cycle includes a field survey, in which standardised interviews are conducted with 900 households, 825 businesses, and up to 170 secondary schools and 95 health centres. To complement this, an extensive data survey collects information from the electricity supplier in West Nile and from local and national authorities. The practicability of the whole framework has been demonstrated through a pre-baseline in six trading centres and towns, during which 485 interviews were conducted. This data has also been used to illustrate the processing and reporting routines.

The study results are presented in three parts that built upon each other, but can be used independently:
Part I outlines the monitoring and evaluation framework providing information on the background to and context of the electrification programme in West Nile. The results chain, together with its indicators, is presented and discussed and the formulation of the methodological approach to sampling and results attribution is explained.
Part II serves as a practical manual for the monitoring and evaluation process and gives valuable information on the survey procedure. An extensive Digital Annex provides numerous supporting documents to facilitate the implementation process.
Part III sets out the reporting procedures and format proposing indicator sheets for each indicator.