In this issue:
  • More countries engaged in market-based domestic biogas programmes
  • Mid-Term Review of the Asia Biogas Programme
  • Domestic Biogas Programme in Pakistan
  • Working Group on Domestic Biogas under the “Energy for All Partnership”
  • International Workshop on Domestic Biogas from 10-12 November 2009 in Nepal

More countries engaged in market-based domestic biogas programmes

Over 285.000 households benefit from biogas plants

The number of countries preparing and implementing market-based domestic biogas programmes is on the rise in both Asia and Africa. The Biogas Support Programme in Nepal crossed the 200,000 units mark, congratulations to all parties involved. New programmes were also started in Pakistan and Indonesia.

Programmes in Kenya, Uganda, Burkina Faso and Senegal are being prepared, and are expected to initiate construction activities by the end of 2009 or beginning of 2010. These four countries, as well as Ethiopia and Tanzania, are targeted in the ‘ Africa Biogas Partnership Programme’ which is co-financed by the Netherlands Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) and SNV.

Mid-Term Review of the Asia Biogas Programme

Towards sustainable domestic biogas sectors

The Asia Biogas Programme (ABP) consists of four country programmes, being Vietnam, Bangladesh, Cambodia and Lao PDR, and is co-financed by the DGIS since 2005. An external Mid-Term Review (MTR), conducted in 2008, stated that it takes time to mobilise and capacitate actors in the biogas sector, including constructors, credit providers and households. As a result, the originally set production targets proved to be too ambitious. Based on the results of the MTR, SNV in cooperation with the respective implementing partners in the countries elaborated on a revised plan for 2010-2012 which DGIS approved in August 2009. The total revised production target covering the entire period of the ABP up to 2012 amounts to about 210,000 digesters serving about 1.1 million people. Equally important, the countries will have made a significant contribution to the development of commercially viable biogas sectors.

Domestic Biogas Programme in Pakistan

First SNV activity in this ‘new’ country

Despite a huge technical potential of about five million, the total number of biogas plants installed in the country remained very small, about 6,000 units by the end of 2006. In early 2007, UNDP Pakistan, Winrock International(WI) and SNV carried out a feasibility study for establishing a large-scale household biogas programme. Furthering on the findings of this study, an implementation document has been finalised by WI and SNV in 2008. This document details technological, organisational and institutional aspects for a national biogas programme, including an activity schedule and budget requirements. In January 2009, the implementation of the Domestic Biogas Programme in Pakistan was launched. The programme activities will initially take place in four provinces of Pakistan(Punjab, Sindh, NWFP and Baluchistan), supporting the construction of 30,000 installations over a period of four years.

Working Group on Domestic Biogas under the “Energy for All Partnership”

SNV plans for one million Asian households to access clean energy

In June 2009, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has launched the ‘Energy for All Partnership’ that aims to provide access to modern energy to an additional 100 million people in the Asia-Pacific region by 2015. There are still 800 million people in the region without access to electricity, while 1.8 billion people rely on traditional biomass resources for cooking. In the framework of this initiative, SNV was invited by the ADB to lead a Working Group on Domestic Biogas. As a response, a proposal was developed for the installation of one million additional biogas plants in about fifteen potential ADB member countries by the year 2015/2016, providing access to sustainable energy to about five million people.

International Workshop on Domestic Biogas from 10-12 November 2009 in Nepal

Maximising knowledge sharing on large-scale biogas dissemination

The dissemination of domestic biogas plants around the world is sharply rising, both in terms of numbers as well as geographic coverage. More than 35 million units have been installed by the end of 2008, most of them in China and India, providing about 175 million people access to the multiple benefits of biogas use. Equally important is that more and more countries around the world have embarked on market-based national programmes on domestic biogas. To efficiently and effectively utilise both public and private resources and to prevent unnecessary failures, it is paramount to broker knowledge and experiences between the various parties involved. In this respect, SNV is organising an International Workshop on Domestic Biogas from 10-12 November 2009 in Kathmandu, Nepal , funded by both the Asian Development Bank through its Energy for All Partnership and SNV.

More details on these issues can be found in the newsletter here

Further details

For more information about the activities of SNV on domestic biogas, please contact:
Mr. Wim J. van Nes,
e-mail: wvannes at

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