"The experts said the fight against warming in the Arctic should be re-directed to focus more on cutting the industrial pollution from soot, ozone and methane in Europe, North America and Russia to try to prevent the ice disappearing.

Soot or black carbon darkens the ice and makes it soak up more heat, accelerating a melt compared to reflective snow and ice. Methane comes sources including oil and gas and agriculture while ozone is formed from industrial pollutants.

"Reductions in these pollutants would have a greater impact" in the next two decades than curbing emissions of the main greenhouse gas - carbon dioxide - according to scientists on the sidelines of 187 nation U.N. climate talks in Poland."

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You can also read a briefing note from IGSD/INECE