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Issue 11

Successful Stove Dissemination


Stove programmes in several countries are passing from the stage of stove design, experimentation, testing and pilot projects into large scale, national, dissemination campaigns. They face two major new problems - of production of uniform quality stoves in quantities of hundreds of thousands rather than thousands and of how to promote and disseminate these very large numbers.

The transition from pilot project to widespread dissemination can be traumatic. The original project workers find that their baby has grown up quite differently from the way they had planned. Management that was quite competent for a pilot project becomes hopelessly overstretched. The quality of stoves produced plummets. Project workers spend more time entertaining overseas experts and funders than doing any real work.

But despite all this, stove programmes have succeeded at the national level and this issue of Boiling Point aims to highlight some of the key areas to be tackled if successful dissemination is to come about.

To succeed at this stage it is essential to obtain a major government commitment based on a clear understanding of the long term national problem of fuelwood and the likely consequences if it fails to act in time. Until this commitment is expressed in adequate financial and other support for the stove project(s) they are unlikely to make much further progress and may even suffer popular disillusionment.

Dissemination policies require decisions on whether to use existing commercial channels and market forces or distribution through government or semi-official networks with or without subsidies.

Appropriate production technologies for both metal and ceramic stoves can be developed, based on economies of scale and quantities to be produced but decisions should also take into account socio political factors such as de-centralization and the benefits of labour intensivity.

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Table of Contents


Boiling Point 11: Successful Stove Dissemination

Authors: BP Editorial Team
Stove programmes in several countries are passing from the stage of stove design, experimentation, testing and pilot projects into large scale, national, dissemination campaigns...

Institutional and Community Stoves

Authors: BP Editorial Team
Heat energy from the burning of biomass is a vital resource for a whole range of village level food processing activities and not simply for home consumption. Biomass provides the source of energy... [more]

Theme Articles

Production costs of steel and cast aluminium stoves in Niger

Authors: J J Bellamy
Based on data from the report by J J. Bellamy of Bois de Feu entitled "Promotion of Improved Stoves in Niger", December 1984. Summarized extract from Bellamy Report...

Does it pay to make stoves?

Authors: Simon Burne
Before successful production of stoves can ever get going, this question needs to be asked. The way you ask the question and the answer you get depend largely on whether you are working with an... [more]

National fuelwood conservation programme of Sri Lanka

Authors: R M Amerasekara
R.M. Amerasekara - Project Manager, has produced a review of his project from its inception in 1984 to the present. It took over the programme of promoting improved ceramic and mud, 2 pot, wood... [more]

Stove Dissemination in Burkina Faso - Where there's a will there's a way

Authors: Awa Ouedraogo
In 1984 all the francophone countries of the Sahel agreed at a conference organised by CILSS (Comite Permanent Inter-Etats pour la Lutte Contre la Secheresse dans le Sahel) to concentrate on... [more]

Stove programme guidelines for CILSS

Authors: CILSS
CILSS has produced a very attractive little booklet to give its member states the following guidelines on stove programme strategies.

National programme on improved cookstoves in India

Authors: R P Upadhyay
The national programme on improved cookstoves (chulhas) was launched by the Department of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Government of India in December, 1983, with a view to reducing... [more]

The improved Chulha programme - Boon or disaster?

Authors: Madhu Sarin
Madhu Sarin is a woman with long experience of stove dissemination in India, in particular with the promotion through NGO's of the Nadu Chulha and the organization of training courses in Hiriachad... [more]

Marketing: The Four "P's"

Authors: Simon Burne
Many people are suspicious of marketing and believe that it has no place in socially orientated projects. This has often led to assumptions that if a product is socially useful - like an improved... [more]

Improved stove promotion by a cartoon story

Authors: Ministry of Rural Development
A series of 23 cartoon groups, with brief French language captions, designed for use with womens groups...

Energy and rural women's work

Authors: Elizabeth Cecelski
This is a background paper prepared for the International Workshop on the Rural Energy Crisis, April 1986, the Hague and is the result of long term ILO studies of villages in Peru, Ghana,... [more]

The Q.B Stove - Philippines

Authors: E I Quibilian
The following brief article reproduced from ESCAP Energy News Vol. 11, No. 2 describes a small, portable, metal, charcoal burning stove recommended for boiling water or cooking rice. The price is... [more]

40 million cooking stoves! The Chinese way

Authors: Peter Young
The 1st International Symposium on Fuel Efficient Stoves was recently hosted in Beijing by the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering Research and Planning and by the Chinese Society of... [more]

Salt from Silt

Authors: I G M Massaquoi
This paper (6pp) from Dr. I.G.M. Massaquoi of Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone, describes a simple, village level process for extracting salt (sodium chloride) from coastal silt. This has been... [more]

Last edited by Mohamed Allapitchai , based on work by raffaella , Mauro Vanzini , Christopher Hughes and Nelson Ko .
Page last modified on Friday 21 of June, 2013 13:22:38 GMT. @HEDON: FXTN

  • A practitioner's journal on household energy, stoves and poverty reduction.

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