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Issue 56

Liquid Fuels



Overview

In recent years there has been an increasing focus on liquid fuels for domestic use as they offer the potential of reduced indoor air pollution and a more modern, user-friendly experience. Fuels such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and kerosene (paraffin) are already extensively used in many developing countries but barriers to their wider dissemination exist, with the recent oil price fluctuations making them increasingly unaffordable to many, together with ongoing safety concerns.

Lately, other types of liquid fuels have risen up the agenda – namely biofuels. Headlines and policies have been dominated by their use as a transport fuel in the North, with the option of domestic consumption in developing countries rarely being mentioned. Potentially offering lower greenhouse gas emissions and greater benefits to local economies, much more information is needed on the measured impacts of fuel alcohols and plant oils - both positive and negative.

This edition of Boiling Point focuses on Liquid Fuels in the household and seeks to draw on both new and existing knowledge in the sector to help create viable markets for these fuels. By exploring the themes common to all liquid fuels some key lessons can be learned: from the creation of sustainable supply chains; to identifying real socioeconomic impacts; through to overcoming barriers to the adoption and use of liquid fuel appliances.

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Table of Contents

Editorial

Viewpoints - An interview with Benard Muok

Authors: Dr Benard Muok
In this Viewpoints feature we interview Dr Benard Muok of the African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) in Kenya. Benard is project manager for the DFID funded Policy Innovation Systems for... [more]

Theme Editorial

Authors: The Boiling Point Editorial Team
[more]

Theme Articles

The Upesi rural stoves project

Authors: Vincent Okello
The Upesi project, supported by Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG), was initiated in 1995 to improve the living and working conditions of women in rural households by enabling a... [more]

Tapping the potential of Brazil’s Proalcool movement for the HHE sector

Authors: James Murren Regina Couto
The Brazilian alcohol programme, focussing exclusively on the industrial-scale production of ethanol, has been successfully operating for more than thirty years. This article discusses how the... [more]

A Breath of Fresh Air: Protos the plant oil stove

Authors: Samuel N. Shiroff
With a project that originally began in 1998 with the work of Dr. Ing. Elmar Stumpf at the University of Hohenheim in Germany, the initial steps were taken in the development of the world’s first... [more]

The Shakapopela Association: Women using biofuels for locally generated power in Zambia

Authors: Wendy Annecke
One of the outreach projects implemented by DAPP Child Aid in the Chibombo District in Zambia is the GVEP International - Gaia Movement’s ‘Community Generated Power: Scaling up biofuel production... [more]

Women and household energy in Sahelian countries- A BP56 special supplement from PREDAS

Authors: Elhadji Mahamane Lawali, Smail Khennas
This publication by the Programme for the Promotion of Household and Alternative Energy sources in the Sahel (PREDAS) is a summary of a series of surveys and analyses conducted in the Sahelian... [more]

Local bioenergy resources for economic advancement in rural Maharashtra, India

Authors: Kavita Rai Jayant Sarnaik
This article showcases the successful establishment of cluster level biodiesel resource centres catering to rural energy demands and the creation of livelihood opportunities in over 70 villages in... [more]

Small-scale biodiesel production to supply isolated communities in Amazonia

Authors: Fernando Acosta Javier Coello, Jean Velásquez
Over 83% of rural families living in the Amazonian jungle of Peru have no access to electrical energy because of the difficulty and high cost of extending the electricity grid to the region. The... [more]

Developing safe paraffin appliances in South Africa

Authors: Philip Lloyd
The widespread use of paraffin for cooking and space heating in South African households has been linked to the loss of life and extensive damage to property as a result of fire. Every year about... [more]

Household Energy Poverty and Paraffin Consumption in South Africa

Authors: Glenn Truran
Glenn has written this article in his personal capacity and the views he has expressed are not necessarily those of the Paraffin Safety Association.

' Using paraffin (kerosene) for... [more]

Toolkit

Toolkit: Fact finding for your business by Philip LaRocco (E+Co) and UNEP

Authors: Philip LaRocco
For both commercial and social businesses alike, an effective business plan is what can help turn a clean energy idea into a reality. The goal of a business plan is to convince the reader that... [more]

Interviews

An interview with Professor Kirk R Smith

Authors: Kirk Smith
In this online version of Viewpoints we publish a full interview with Kirk Smith, Professor of Global Environmental Health at the University of California, Berkeley
[more]





Last edited by Mohamed Allapitchai , based on work by raffaella , Mauro Vanzini , Christopher Hughes and Nelson Ko .
Page last modified on Friday 21 of June, 2013 13:22:38 GMT. @HEDON: KRTN

  • A practitioner's journal on household energy, stoves and poverty reduction.


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