- kinetic viscosity(cst at 40 deg c): 1.0min / 2.0max,
- density at 15 deg c9(kg/liter) :0.82,
- flash point(deg c) closed abel :38,
- sulphur(% max) :0.2,
- water (% volume) : nil,
- smoke point (mm) :19
In a survey of six low-income villages of South India, where space heating needs are negligible, little variation in end-use shares was found, with cooking between 76% and 81%, water heating 14 to 19%, and lighting by kerosene and some electricity between 2% and 3%.
Kerosene is also used in some areas for cooking using a kerosene stove, wither of the pressurised 'Primus', or, more commonly kerosene wick stoves.
The important quantity for analysts therefore is the actual energy substitution ratio. This can be established only by comparative surveys of electricity and kerosene users at similar socio-economic levels or, preferably, by consumption surveys before and after the substitution is made.
wood or agricultural residues.
- Kerosene, although relatively easy to burn carries the risk of fire if the stove or lamp is knocked over.
- Another risk from kerosene is poisoning if it is stored in soft drink and similar bottles and a child accidentally drinks it (Yach 1994, Gupta et al. 1998).
- Cheap wick stoves and lamps can have high levels of smoke emissions