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Kenya: Household Energy Information

This country synthesis report is based on a detailed country report, which may be accessed through our dynamic report builder is available here.


A Household Energy Demand and Use
B Household Energy Supply
C Household Energy Sector Governace
D Household Energy Information

D. Household energy information

D.1 Introduction

This report focuses on household energy uses and sources among low-income homes in Kenya. These issues are varied and complex, as are the energy needs (both expressed and potential) of the various cultural groups living in poor urban and rural areas of the country. Overall, this presents a daunting information requirement that is very unlikely to be met fully without studies designed for the specific purpose. The long-standing presence of a focus of expertise on household energy and development in Nairobi has however provided an important information resource for this report.

D.2 Responsibility for collection of household energy information

Information for this report drawn from the following sources:

  • Household interview survey of 2,300 households in 15 representative rural districts and 5 major urban centres, carried out in February 2001. The survey was carried out and co-ordinated by a consultancy group (Kamfor). The questionnaire was designed with the input of the Ministry of Energy and the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), based on work by CBS for the 1989 Population and Housing Census. Interviews were administered by CBS field officers, trained by Kamfor. Additional survey work of 400 cottage industries was carried out by Kamfor using a purposive sample in 14 districts in seven provinces, with assistance from the Department of Forestry, Moi University.
  • A report on energy policy, supply and distribution (Gitonga and Balla, 2001). Most of the data collected for this report was from secondary sources. A few field visits and telephone interviews were also conducted for the study.
  • A number of other sources are quoted for specific items, for example Nyang 1999 (information on household appliances, fuel costs).

D.3 Availability and quality of information on the household energy sector

The availability of the national survey described above means that representative, national and up-to-date information is available - a valuable resource. At present, this author is not well placed to judge the quality of the data, but given the involvement of CBS/national census methodology, a fairly high standard of survey work could be expected. However, since the survey quoted for most of this report was not carried out for this specific purpose, some important categories (for example income groups) do not appear available for analysis. This means that data, for example on access of low income groups to electricity, is not available - and only overall access by urban and rural populations can be quoted. One benefit of the representative sampling method is that 95% confidence intervals can be calculated, hence estimates of precision of figures (for example the % using any given type of fuel for cooking) are available (not given in this report).

Comment on report by Gitonga and Balla to await further information on sources, though this can be expected to be of a high standard.

D.4 Summary and conclusions

Although there are some limitations, the availability of a national sample survey on household energy, together with a review of energy supply policy (etc.), has allowed the compilation of a representative and seemingly fairly reliable picture of the household energy situation for low-income populations in Kenya.

Sparknet, April 2004
Last edited by Miriam Hansen .
Page last modified on Sunday September 19, 2010 17:40:15 GMT.
  • A practitioner's journal on household energy, stoves and poverty reduction.