Kenya Ceramic Jiko KCJ< Go back | About this Stove | All stoves | Add a stove
In this page
- Further reading
- BP2:Stove Programmes Kenya by Stephen Joseph
- BP17: Supply of Metal for Jikos (Stoves) in Kenya
- BP 18: Stove Profiles: Kenya Ceramic Jiko - Extracts "Improved Wood, Waste and Charcoal Burning Stoves
- BP 26: Technology Transfer - The KCJ by Kennedy Masakhwe
- Description of portable improved stoves
- BP51:The Upesi rural stoves project by Vincent Aggrey Okello
BP2:Stove Programmes Kenya by Stephen Joseph
A great deal of activity has been generated to help solve the fuelwood crisis in Kenya, as a result of the Nairobi Energy Conference in August, 1981...
BP17: Supply of Metal for Jikos (Stoves) in KenyaMetal, charcoal burning stoves have been a feature of Kenyan kitchens ever since their introduction into the country by Indian railway builders in the later part of the 19th century. These stoves spread from the coast town of Mombasa into the hinterland at a rapid pace. There were several reasons for this...
The metal that is used in the informal sector workshops is to a large extent scrap. Kenya is lucky in that there exists a relatively large manufacturing industry. It is this industry that provides the scrap metal that feeds the informal sector. The scrap that ends up in the informal sector workshops includes old car bodies, oil and bitumen drums............
BP 18: Stove Profiles: Kenya Ceramic Jiko - Extracts "Improved Wood, Waste and Charcoal Burning StovesThe Kenyan Ceramic Jiko (KCJ) is a light, portable charcoal burning stove consisting of 2 distinct units - a metal cladding and a ceramic liner. The metal cladding is made by independent local artisans, the ceramic liner by both large scale and small-scale producers. Women's groups comprise most of the small producers.
BP 26: Technology Transfer - The KCJ by Kennedy MasakhweThe Kenya Ceramic Jiko (KCJ), is a modification of both the Thai Charcoal Stove (Thai Bucket) and the traditional metal charcoal stove of Kenya. The KCJ uses charcoal as a fuel and so is an urban stove. The KCJ experience offers an excellent example of a successful technology transfer venture which brought together a number of personal id es and institutions in its evolution.
The Kenya Ceramic Jiko, which consists of a metal casing and ceramic lining is an improved charcoal burning stove developed and designed by aid groups such as UNICEF and CARE-Kenya (Kammen, undated) in 1982 and marketed by the Kenya Energy and Environment Organisation (KENGO), an energy NGO, with support from the Kenya Ministry of Energy (ITDG?, 2002).
Initial improved cookstoves faced a number of hurddles which hindered rapid dissemination. The problems included brief field testing and a mismatch between the design and the cooking needs of the communities (REF). In particular, the stove’s opening or pot stand did not match the size of typical pots in the target communities. There were also problems with heat loss in the initial designs (Kammen, dated). Although there was inadequate feedback on the design of the stoves assist in improving designs, groups of women involved in community health and environment protection issues played a crucial role in the evolution of the initial stove designs and suggested some changes including the hourglass shape of the current Jiko, for stability (REF), which is vital where vigorous stirring of food is required, which is the case in most Eastern and Southern African countries. Furthermore, extensive trainings were carried out to improve user knowledge and enhance acceptability (REF). Marketing efforts included the use of mass media, market demonstration and trade fair exhibitions. Local public institutions such as schools, churches and small businesses also acted as marketing points for the stoves as users (REF). The production of the stove itself is done by local small scale entrepreneurs, with metal claddings being made by male dominated small scale enterprises or individual artisans, most of whom previously traditional stoves (Karekezi, 1993), whilst the insulating clay liner is often made by women groups, whose members are mainly potters (Owalla, 2001). This setting ensures that existing skills in the communities are utilised and generate incomes. The use of local artisan also ensures local availability of the stoves and together with the incomes derived from stove sales act as incentives for the producers to promote the stove.
For stove users, benefits include substantial decreases in fuel used per year, estimated at $65 per household per year, whilst the stove itself costs between US$2 and US$5. These savings have acted as an incentive for the households to adopt the stoves (Kammen, undated). It is currently estimated that 56% of urban households in Kenya use the KCJ, representing a national household penetration rate of 16.8% (REF).
Description of portable improved stoves
Portable stoves are characterized by one pot hole and are more widely used than fixed stoves.
A ‘’’multi-fuel’’’ improved stove is usually characterized by a mobile grate which allows the use of a variety of available fuel (wood, charcoal, dung, agriculture residues).
A ‘’’multi-cooker’’’ improved stove matches a range of user’s pot size.
BP51:The Upesi rural stoves project by Vincent Aggrey Okello
The Upesi project, supported by Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG), was initiated in 1995 to improve the living and working conditions of women in rural households by enabling a significant and increasing number of women and their families to benefit from fuelsaving wood burning stoves.
The project’s aim was to test and demonstrate the effectiveness of new approaches and technologies for commercialization of Upesi stoves in five districts in Western Kenya. By working with women’s group and involving them in the design and field-testing of the stoves, the project was able to take advantage of women potters’ knowledge and experience. Besides training the women in stove production, distribution and installation, the project focused on improving their marketing skills. This has been a critical element in enhancing the ability of women to earn income from stove-related activities........
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